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DNA sequencing determines the sequence of nucleic acids, which are the basic building blocks of DNA molecules. DNA sequencing reveals the arrangement of nucleotide bases in a DNA segment.
Fremont, CA: Biotechnology is a broad science that leverages cellular and bimolecular mechanisms to build technologies that improve health and lifestyle.
In the year 1953, James Watson & Francis Crick proposed their double-helix theory of DNA, made up of two strands of nucleotides which are coiled around each other, joined by hydrogen bonds, and running in opposing directions.
DNA sequencing determines the sequence of nucleic acids, which are the basic building blocks of DNA molecules. DNA sequencing reveals the arrangement of nucleotide bases in a DNA segment. Because each human and creature has a unique nucleotide base sequence, everyone has a unique DNA sequence. Its sequence informs scientists about the type of genetic information carried in a certain DNA segment and aids in several human well-being aspects.
Importance of DNA Sequencing in Biotechnology
• In Agricultural Biotechnology
Identifying GMO species in agriculture may be achievable using DNA sequencing technologies.
With the use of DNA sequencing, any tiny differences or mutations in the plant genome may get found. It will aid in the diagnosis of various plant illnesses and the production of pathogen-free plants.
• In Animal Biotechnology
The genomic sequencing of domestic animals aids in the knowledge of species' evolutionary links. Only via sequencing have researchers discovered that two-thirds of genetic mutations known to get implicated in cancer possess fruit fly equivalents. Comparative genomics is a strong tool for understanding evolutionary changes across organisms and the genes that give every organism its distinct traits.
• In Medical Biotechnology
The application of biotechnology in pharmacy is transforming the detection of genetically based disorders. It entails any use of sequencing to discover more effective means of sustaining human health, as well as aiding in the analysis of DNA to determine the origins of genetic illnesses and strategies to cure them. Modifications in the DNA gene sequence linked to the disease can now be detected using new testing.