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Gene editing helps improve plants efficiently than any other type of plant breeding and leads to robust and healthier plants that are good for farmers, the environment, and consumers.
FREMONT, CA: Gene editing, also known as genome editing, is a technology that can treat or prevent disease in humans. It also has agricultural applications, such as helping plants withstand disease, adjust to flooding or drought, and enhance the quality and quantity of the food supply.
In agriculture, gene-editing technology is dependent on the conventional breeding technique. Scientists can use gene editing to produce precise, targeted modifications to a plant's DNA sequence that mimics what happens in nature or using traditional plant breeding, but in a more efficient manner.
Scientists can now determine the proper page, paragraph, and even word they seek to change in DNA, like a big book of information. They can alter particular regions of the plant's DNA using methods such as gene editing to enhance the natural selective breeding procedure that has been employed for several years.
What is CRISPR?
Gene editing can be defined as a collection of different tools, and CRISPR is one of the most popular tools. It is one of the most streamlined, accessible, and precise techniques of gene editing.
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Researchers can use this technique to cut or edit out specific areas of DNA to add, eliminate, or improve a particular trait in a plant. The genetic structure of the cell then naturally fixes itself, leading to the desired quality.
What is the importance of gene editing?
Drought, floods, heat, diseases, and pests all causes difficulties for plants. There are also other issues like the rising food demand and shifting consumer preferences. Agriculture-related innovations, such as gene editing, will be important in addressing these needs and making the food system more sustainable and resilient. Farmers, consumers, and the environment benefit from genetically modified plants. Here are some of its benefits.
Improving environmental sustainability: Gene editing can boost crop yields while utilizing the same amount of land or even less, lowering environmental effects and increasing productivity. Plants that are more resilient and efficient need fewer inputs and consume limited resources.
Adapting to climate change: As farmers grapple with the effects of climate change, gene editing can aid in the development of different plants that are better equipped to survive and flourish in harsh conditions like floods and droughts.
Reducing food waste: Food can benefit from gene editing to extend its shelf life. For example, scientists strive to develop lettuce, mushrooms, and potatoes that stay fresh for an extended time, minimizing food waste.