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BioTech innovations provide crucial benefits to human health, and medical startups spearhead these innovations.
FREMONT, CA: With an estimated market size of €513 billion by 2020, BioTech has evolved to be an interesting field for innovations, which will change the understanding of medical care: Artificial Intelligence analysis data gathered from wearables and Biosensors assist physicians to monitor the impact of treatment in real-time and to suggest enhancements. 3D Bioprinted Nanorobots offer antibiotics to the exact target to cure inflammation; Tissue Engineering fixes damaged parts of an organ without patients requiring surgery. Here are just some emerging BioTech applications.
Biosensors measure and monitor several analytes such as organic compounds and bacteria with significant precision coupled with biological and electronic components. Since Biosensors are usually deployed inside a patient's body, they can monitor analytes that external devices cannot quantify. When armed with advanced microelectronic components, Biosensors also function as a part of the Internet of Things (IoT) to offer data to physicians in real-time.
• 3D Bioprinting
3D Bioprinting leverage so-called bioink material to create tissue-like structures layer-by-layer.
With apt bioink material, pills and drugs can be printed on-demand with many reduced costs involved. Bioprinted tissues also have an extensive range of usage in research and regenerative medicine, like printing living cells, generating functional tissues to repair or replace organs.
• Tissue Engineering
Tissue Engineering couples bioengineering and biochemical methods to enhance, replace, or create biological tissues (i.e. bone, blood vessels, skin, muscle etc.). A more promising but controversial means is to use stem cells to evolve and replicate patients' whole organs without these patients requiring transplants.
• Gene Editing
Gene-editing technology has been significantly improved by the early 2000s' discovery and further development leveraging CRISPR-Cas9 for precise insertion, modification, and identification of DNA sequences in the genome. It has made genetic engineering extensively available at a fraction of the cost of earlier ways. CRISPR-Cas9's applications enable physicians to perform affordable gene therapy and be leveraged to prevent genetic diseases and potentially improve human genetics.