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Biotechnology is advancing, and it has more applications that are being used by various industries.
FREMONT, CA : Biotechnology involves using living cells to build or modify items for particular uses, like genetically modified foods. Biotechnology is therefore related to genetic engineering and first appeared as a distinct field in the food industry at the beginning of the twentieth century, later being followed by other sectors such as medicine and the environment.
Human, environmental, industrial, animal, and plant biotechnology are the five divisions of modern biotechnology that help people combat hunger and disease, produce more safely, cleanly, and effectively, decrease the ecological footprint, and save energy.
USES AND APPLICATIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
Biotechnological advances are now a part of everyday lives, and they can be found in pharmacies and supermarkets, among other areas. In recent years, biotechnology has emerged as a critical player in the battle against the COVID-19 global pandemic, as it aids in deciphering the virus' genome and recognizing how the bodies' immune systems react to infectious agents.
As a result, biotechnology will play a vital role in future society to prevent and control potential pathogens. However, this is just one of its many uses.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
Biotechnology has several advantages, but some people are worried about its potential adverse effects on the environment, health, and ethics. The following are some of the benefits of biotech:
• Using recombinant DNA techniques decreases CO2 emissions by 52 percent, optimizes water use, and decreases waste and chemical processes.
• It improves medical diagnosis, decreases infection rates, reduces drug side effects, and encourages growth in developing countries.
• It promotes safe and sustainable agriculture, resulting in more nutritious, toxin-free, and allergen-free food and a reduction in pesticide and chemical use.
Its main risks include:
• The distribution of laboratory foods could suffocate crop diversity. It may also influence ecosystem balance.